The Pinocchio bar (Pin Bar) is a typical price pattern among active traders. In Martin Pring’s Technical Analysis Explained, he called the pattern Pinocchio because it lies.
It lies about the market direction. And its long nose exposes the lie.
Let’s expose the Pin Bar below.
The concept behind the Pin Bar pattern explains its efficacy.
Traders place their entry orders and stop orders at support and resistance levels. By making a brief break of these levels, Pin Bars give false hope to traders in the wrong direction.
As the Pin Bar closes back within the support or resistance, prices make a run for the other direction, trapping the traders.
Pin Bar Trading Rules
Rules for Long
- Bar opens above support
- Bar trades below support for most of the range of the bar
- Bar closes above the support
Rules for Short
- Bar opens below resistance
- Bar trades above resistance for most of the range of the bar
- Bar closes below support
Trading Examples – Pin Bar
- There was an existing uptrend followed by a cup and handle pattern that signaled the bull trend to continue.
- However, the cup and handle formation failed quickly with a Pin Bar that poked above the “cup rim” before closing below the resistance.
- After the Pin Bar triggered a short entry, prices tried to move up but could not gain momentum despite several tries. It was a better idea to wait and enter after the failed attempts to resume rising.
- After prolonged congestion, prices broke down sharply and stopped at yesterday’s low with a two-bar reversal pattern.
- The Pin Bar was the second test of the low of yesterday’s session. Given that it was the second test of yesterday’s low, it was a good trade. However, we got stopped out quickly.
- After a final thrust down, prices drifted up and gapped up the next day to continue its way up. Indeed, there was buying pressure below the support tested by the Pin Bar. However, the Pin Bar was not the ideal entry point in this case.
Review – Pinocchio Bar Trade Setup (Pin Bar)
A pin bar is a unique price pattern because it is not defined by one, two, or even three bars. It is determined by the entire market structure.
We can only label a Pin Bar after looking at support or resistance levels that it penetrated.
Given the right context, the Pin Bar offers a reliable point of entry. Focus on Pin Bars that penetrate significant support or resistance. Then, find confirmation from other indicators or chart patterns, and you have a high probability trade.
When confirmation is lacking, it is a good idea to delay your entry. Let more price action unfold after the Pin Bar and enter if it confirms the Pin Bar.
Need help find the pin bar on your charts? Get an indicator for five price action patterns, including the Pin Bar here.
You should refer to Martin Pring’s solid work on technical analysis to learn more about the Pin Bar and other bar patterns.
You can also take a look at the Thee-Bar Inside Bar Pattern, which is another interesting bar pattern to use in your trading.